Int. J. Metrol. Qual. Eng.
Volume 14, 2023
|Number of page(s)
|02 June 2023
Information model of power distribution IoT terminal for high-rise building electrical fire monitoring
State Grid Hubei Eletric Power Co. Ltd, Wuhan 430077, PR China
2 State Grid Hubei Electric Power Research Institute, Wuhan 430077, PR China
3 College of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255000, PR China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 14 April 2023
Fires caused by electrical reasons such as short circuits and leakage in low-voltage distribution network lines account for a relatively large proportion of the high-rise building fires. Building an electrical fire monitoring system for high-rise buildings based on the Internet of Things (IoTs) technology can monitor electrical circuits in real-time and reduce electrical fires. Aiming at the interconnection and intercommunication of the information exchange of the IoT terminals in the electrical fire monitoring system of high-rise buildings, this paper firstly analyzes the functional communication requirements of the electrical fire monitoring system of high-rise buildings, and combined with the requirements of functional communication, the information model required for electrical quantity collection and non-electricity collection functions is studied based on IEC 61850, which is conducive to the fusion and application of low-voltage distribution network monitoring data and existing distribution automation system data. At the same time, the location information logical node is established by supplementing, which realizes the determination of the spatial position of the terminal and the sensor, the location of the fire source can be determined by analyzing and calculating according to the spatial location information and the spatiotemporal sequence of the detection information. Finally, the information modeling of different types of monitoring terminal equipment is carried out and the configuration suggestion based on SCL language is proposed. By realizing the integration of low-voltage terminal unit (LTU) into the system and the configuration of LTU, the standard system of IEC 61850 can be actually operated. A monitoring terminal based on the proposed information model has been developed and applied to a building in Wuhan.
Key words: High-rise building / electrical fire / power distribution IoT terminal / IEC 61850 / information model
© T. Peng et al., Published by EDP Sciences, 2023
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